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Saidpur Nilphamari Rangpur

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saidpurworld: Our Saidpur

Saidpur at a glance

Saidpur (Syedpur) (bn:সৈয়দপুর Saiyadpur) is a city of Nilphamari district in Rangpur Division of Bangladesh. The city has become a very important communication hub for adjoining major district headquarters. Saidpur Airport is one of the domestic airports in Bangladesh. The Saidpur Railway Workshop, established in 1870, is the largest in Bangladesh and was the major railway workshop for Assam-Bengal railway.[1] The city has historically been an Urdu-speaking community with close ties to Bihar, from which many residents originate, particularly the town of Munger. Since Bangladeshi independence, Urdu has declined as the Bihari community either integrated into Bangladeshi society, adopting Bengali as a Lingua franca, or a few who migrated to India or Pakistan.

The city is the commercial hub for the surrounding districts. The biggest railway workshop of Bangladesh is here. The city never sleeps, it is also known as the city of night. Business always runs here night and day. The city center has many government and private banks, insurance companies, residential hotels, Chinese and Indian restaurants, fast food, sweet shops, gift shops and many more. It is an important economic zone in Bangladesh. Recently local businessmen have invested in the ready-made garments sector, and they have succeeded in capturing a good market position in IndiaNepalBhutan. By the help and initiative taken by SME foundation these garments are now exporting their goods in EuropeUnited States, etc. There are some medium and heavy industries growing here, especially the agricultural industry, crockery, organic fertilizer, oil from recycled tires, light metal industry, etc. There are also some good markets and shopping malls here. Communication is so good here to run a business. The pottery is also very beautiful and unique. It has captured a good market nationally and internationally. There are 24 private and government banks in Saidpur – most of them have online banking facilities. There are a huge number of ATM booths in the city and near it to facilitate online transactions 24/7.

See Details of the Zero waste at Saidpur

Sewage Treatment Plant ,Saidpur (MAILA TANKI)

Bangladesh is a developing country and considered predominantly as a rural economy. The population of Bangladesh is 164 million and ranks number 8 in the world population. With urban population growth rate of 3.44% about 35.6% of the total population is living in
urban area. Urban population growth has a linkage with generating various types of wastes in faster mode. It is also happening in Bangladesh. Nowadays, waste management has
become a major concern in the cities and towns due to high rate of migration in urban areas. Unplanned growth of the cities and towns cause health and environmental hazard in the country. In urban areas, faecal sludge is not managing properly due to lack of
awareness among the citizens and insufficient service delivery from the city corporations
and municipalities. Other than some of the city corporations, solid waste becomes another
problem for not having adequate facilities and mechanisms to remove wastes on a regular
basis. Municipal services in most of the cities and towns are already over-burdened, and
simply cannot meet the growing demand, resulting in unhygienic and filthy living condition
in the neighborhoods.

Waste Management in
Saidpur Municipality, Nilphamary.

Saidpur Paurashava of Nilphamari district is an ‘A’ category municipality covering an area of 34.42 square kilometers. The total number of households is 27,515 and population size is 135,048. This study has provided efforts to make an assessment on faecal sludge management, solid wastes generation and hospital waste situation.

The Conceptual design is expected to provide detail information and analysis of the current situation and practices related to waste generation (faecal sludge, solid waste, and medical waste), volume, collection, disposal and treatment and to provide a critical input regarding the scope of a comprehensive wastes management
model. This study is mainly based on primary data as there is acute absence of reliable
secondary data of faecal sludge and solid waste generation rate and management practices
of Saidpur Municipality

Key Findings of the Design:
The key findings of this study are as follows:

A. Toilet Types and Ownership

  1. The survey shows that about 92% of the total surveyed households have their own
    latrine.
  2. Considering the latrine technology issue, around 55% of the respondents are using
    pit latrine (Single pit- 31%, offset pit – 24%), 43% of the respondents use sanitary
    latrine with septic tank and rest 2% of the respondents stated that their latrines are
    directly linked with the drainage system of the municipality.
  3. Other than household, among the commercial enterprises
    (institute/business/market), around 55% of enterprises have sanitary latrine with
    septic tank is, about 31% of enterprises have pit latrine technology and only 14 %
    of total enterprises have no latrine within the premises.
  4. Among the commercial enterprises, average size of the septic tank is found to be
    523 ft3. About 57% of septic tanks have 2 chambers, 39% of septic tanks have 3
    chambers, and only 4% of septic tanks have 1 chamber.
  5. At household level, about 67% of septic tanks have 2 chambers, about 24% of septic
    tanks have 1 chamber and only about 9% of septic tanks have 3 chambers..
  6. Under household category, about 51% of the pit latrines have rings within the range
    of 6-8 rings, about 35% of the pit latrines have rings within the range of 1-5 rings,
    about 8% pit latrines have within or more than 10 rings, and about 6% pit latrines
    have rings within 9-10.
  7. Around 74% of household latrines and about 57% of non-household latrines do not
    maintain BNBC in latrines design and construction.
    B. Using pattern and Maintenance of Latrines:
  8. About 50% of the latrines exhibit 6-10 users, , about 42% of the latrines possess 1-
    5 users and only about 8% latrines have more than 11 users.
  9. Under non-household category, about 48% of the latrines are used by 1-25 persons
    perday, 18% of the latrines are used by 101- 250 persons per; about 12% of the
    latrines are used by 251-500 persons and 22% of the latrines have byuser with
    different ranges and in a much significant amount.
  10. About 94% of total households spend money to keep the latrines clean and healthy.
    They spend on an average BDT 82 in a month for operation and maintenance (O&M)
    purposes.

C. Faecal Sludge Generation and disposal practice:

  1. About 60% of the surveyed households have emptied their pits or septic tanks at
    least once since construction. Around 40% of households yet to require for
    emptying pits or septic tanks.
  2. Around 32% of total household have emptied their pit/septic tank within 2-3
    years interval and 26% have emptied within the interval 7-12 months. Rest of
    the households have emptied their pit/septic tank within different time interval. .
  3. A major portion of household (73%) doesn’t have any idea about the standard
    time gap between two emptying of pit/septic tank.
  4. About 98% of the household have emptied their pit/septic tank by private
    sweepers through manual emptying processes. Only 1% of the surveyed
    household have received emptying service from municipality..
  5. In recent time, the municipality has introduced the mechanical process of
    emptying pit/septic tank by using vacutug. Presently, the municipality has 2
    vacutug vehicles of different sizes. Such service becomes popular in the town..
  6. Discharging of collected faecal sludge into environment causes a serious
    problem due to lack of fixed dumping place. About 81% of the households had to
    face unwanted situation at the time of discharging sludge after emptying their
    pits/septic tanks. About 60% of the households have dumped the sludge
    illegally on the open water bodies (canal, ponds, drains) and open places. . Rest
    40% of the households have buried the sludge into ditch within their own yard.
  7. The average faecal sludge generation rate in Saidpur municipality is 0.56
    liter/person/day. Estimated total volume of faecal sludge is 27,990 m3 in 2017.

D. Solid Waste Generation:

  1. Information was collected from randomly selected 180 households. Households
    were asked to keep their waste in a bucket/poly-bag and those were weighed on
    the following day.
  2. Average waste generation rate in the municipality is 0.33Kg/person/day.
  3. From the composition analysis, about 90% of the total wastes were organic
    wate (vegetables and food waste) which is easily compostable. About 5% of
    waste were bio-degradable (wood and leaves), rest of 5% were recyclable
    products (polythene and plastics, textile, paper, glass & ceramics, and metals).
  4. About 54% of the households do not store their daily generated household
    wastes. around 38% of the households store their daily waste in a bucket/polybag and 8% of households store in a hole within their premises.
  5. About 40% of the households that store waste in bucket/poly-bag, usually
    dispose the wastes into open space behind their house, around 25% of

household dispose into drain, 9% of households give the waste to the
municipality’s van in morning, 14% dispose in an open hole, 7% on canal and
rest of 5% dispose in other ways.

  1. About 99% of the respondents are willing to pay money for better service to the
    municipality

E. Hospital/medical Waste generation:

  1. Average waste generation rate of the hospital is 15 Kg/hospital/day. Total
    waste generation by 3 hospitals is 45 Kg/day and 16.43 MT/year.
  2. Average waste generation rate of the Clinic is 7 kg/clinic/day. Total waste
    generation by 6 clinics is 42 Kg/day and 15.33 MT/year.
  3. Average waste generation rate of the Diagnostic center is 4 kg/center/day. Total
    waste generation by 11diagnostic centers is 44 Kg/day and 16.06 MT/year.
  4. Most of the Staffs of the hospitals/clinic/Diagnostic centers do not take any kind
    of measures for the safe disposal of medical waste.
  5. Most of the clinical wastes are dumped in the open land or dustbin adjacent to
    the hospital/clinic. After a certain period of time, they burn those waste by using
    kerosene. Some of the wastes are occasionally buried.
  6. There is no initiative taken by municipality to manage the clinical waste in
    environmentally safe way. Hospital and clinical authority are not interested to
    pay for managing clinical waste.
ZERO WASTE MODEL
DESIGN FOR 50 TONS PER DAY MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) AT THE ANY POUROSHOVA OR CITY CORPORATION OR PRIVATE PROJECT IN  BANGLADESH-2020

SAIDPUR



Conclusion
This baseline survey has exposed present practice scenario of the citizens on sanitation
issues in broader aspects. Based on analytical outcomes, this study has identified some of
the issues where more efforts would have to be given for improving overall sanitation
situation and introducing effective FSM approached within the town.
Most of the households in the Saidpur municipality have access to a toilet irrespective of its
quality. Due to lack of following standard design of septic tanks and no treatment facilities,
100 percent of faecal sludge is discharged into environment. Moreover, there is a large no.
of toilets are illegally connected to open drains and water bodies. Municipality are
convinced to cut-off this illegal connection. In spite of this action environment will never be
healthy and safe unless and until a proper emptying and treatment procedure is
established.
Due to lack of adequate dumping places, most of the solid wastes are disposed on roadside
or open spaces behind house. Though a significant portion of households store their daily
generated waste into a bucket or polybag but a small portion of them dump into dustbin.

Medical authority is unaware of the medical waste management. They consider and treat
medical waste as like solid waste. Hazardous/infectious products are not segregated before
dumping into nearby dustbin or open places behind hospital.
To ensure improved faecal sludge and soid waste management municipality should
increase the capacity of the conservancy department through increasing manpower,
vehicle and others equipment. Innovative and appropriate approaches should be taken for
the emptying, collection disposal of faecal sludge in safe and environmental friendly
manner. Separate disposal places are required for different kinds of waste. Extensive
training programs are needed to make the citizen aware of the different kind of waste
management and also about the negative consequences of dumping wastes directly into the
environment.

Saidpur Context
Saidpur is one of the populous cities
under Nilphamari District, came into
existence on 30 April, 1958 as a
municipality. Nothing is definitely
known about the origin of the city
name. However, it is learnt from the
elderly citizens of the town that in the
long past a renowned and influential
family came from Kuchbihar of India
and settled in this area for preaching
Islam. The title of the family was
‘Saiyed’. It is generally believed that
the city might have derived its name
Saidpur from the name of that Saiyed
family.

The baseline of the Waste Treatment has focused mainly on following 3 issues:
(i) faecal sludge and solid waste generation, collection, transportation and disposal,
(ii) willingness and ability to pay for collection of both faecal and solid waste, and
(iii) marketing potential for the output from the proposed sludge management plant.

To get the output from above issues, following task has been done:
 Estimate volume of faecal sludge and solid waste generated in Saidpur municipality
in (a) households, (b) Colonies (c) slums (d) institutions (e.g. schools, colleges,
mosques, clinics, hospitals, different govt. and non govt. offices etc.) (e) business
unit (poultry, factories, skills training centers etc.) and (f) markets in given period
of time (daily/weekly/monthly). The detail information will cover:
o No. of household/institutions/markets use pit
o No. of household/institutions/markets use septic tank
o No. of septic tank/ pit or others directly discharge sludge into the
environment
o No. of HH and estimated volume of waste-water(Both black and gray
water) discharge into the environment
o No. of septic tank/pit or others emptied manually/ mechanically
 User wise Containment patterns, emptying mechanism (both traditional and
mechanical) and frequencies, available facilities and patterns, containment
connection to drain and environments, number and location of disposal sites.
 Prepared a Shit Flow Diagram (SFD) of the town.
 Current scenario of toilet and septic tank types compare to the set standard in
Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC), scenario of containment and emptying
standard, scenario of available emptying services in both public and private sectors,
scenario of community practices in regard to emptying, their perception and their
preparedness, frequencies and costing of emptying, willingness to pay for emptying,

transportation facilities, treatment facilities including removal efficiencies/quality
of effluent and disposal practices.
 Estimated volume of different types of hospital and clinical waste generation,
current disposal practices and facilities.
 Current role and capacity of municipality authority as a service provider as well as
regulatory body both in human resources and facilities
 Public sector resource allocation and involvement for city’s faecal sludge
management.
 Assessment of formal and informal sweeper groups, their health risks and
knowledge and practices
 Current business practices in sanitation value chain.
 Scopes for the comprehensive FSM plan for Saidpur municipality, reuse
opportunities as well as marketing opportunities of end product considering
sanitation value-chain


According to the survey outcome,
92% of the household have their own
latrine while eight percent (8%) do
not. However, very few of the latrines
are environmentally safe.

Around 7% of those who do not have
own latrines are mostly using
community latrine followed by 0.3%
using their neighboring latrine. Such
type of support should be appreciated
for contributing on promoting healthy
environment within a community.
However, less than one percent (0.5%)
of the entire population is still going for
open defection; mainly those are living in
slum areas. It is a grave concern and the
municipal authority should take initiative for resolving such situation.

Types of Toilet in household level:


The mostly uses latrine are pit latrine
(55%) followed by latrine having septic
tank provision on it (43%). However,
around 2% of respondents have connected
their latrine directly with drain.
Among Pit latrine owner, around 31% of
the household have single pit followed by
24% have offset pit latrine.

Types of toilet in
Institute/Business/Market:


Under this study, various types of
commercial institutions are also covered for getting impression about sludge containment
types and other relevant information. After communicating the municipality, a list of
various types of major institutions has been collected. Based on the outcome of the survey,
around 55 percent of the latrines under various types of institutions, market and business
places have septic tanks provision. Such coverage is found highest among institutions
(78%) followed by business centers (41%). Around 20 percent of the latrines have pit but
most of the latrines are very unhygienic because of not having water seal or having broken
one. 11 percent latrines has Off-set pit along with twin-pit latrine provision. In general,
toilet provision in market usually keeps outside the market or in a common place where
everyone can go for using at any time of the day. Such coverage is identified as 14 percent
which is 80 percent in the market places.


A Comprehensive Institutional Setup for FSM in Saidpur Paurashava

With an aim to quantify and
characterize household solid waste
as well as to observe the attitude of
household and municipality
towards its management a total of
180 households were randomly
selected from 15 wards of the
Saidpur Municipality. Daily wastes
form the households were
collected, segregated and weighed
to quantify and characterize the
waste.

Based on the survey outcome, on an average, each of
the household produces 1.98 kg of various types of
solid waste in a day. The average family size in
Saidpur municipality is 4.8.
According to the survey analysis, average waste
generation rate is 0.33kg/person/day. It was
reported in several studies that the waste
generation rate in Dhaka city varies from 0.4 to 0.5
kg/person/day. In Pourashava areas, the reported
average waste generation rate is 0.25
kg/person/day (Waste Concern 2009). It was also
reported that the waste generation rates in Rajshahi,
Khulna and Barishal city are 0.3, 0.27 and 0.25
kg/person/day (Waste Concern 2009).

Therefore, in 2017 estimated volume of household solid waste is 56.10 Metric Tons per day
and 20,459 MT per year.
According to the conservancy department, the proportion of household waste and market
waste is 3:2. Based on this assumption, around 17.80 MT solid waste is generated in 4
bazars which will be 6,497 MT in a year. Total volume of solid waste generation in Saidpur
municipality is 74 MT per day which will be 26,974 MT in a year.
With the existing capacity of the municipality, they are able to collect around 71 percent of
the generated solid waste every day from different areas of the town and rest 29 percent
remain on the roadside which is a threat for the environment pollution.

Projection of Household Waste Generation

Physical composition is important to characterize and classify the solid waste for its proper
management. Composition of solid waste depends upon a number of factors such as food
habits, cultural traditions, socioeconomic status and climatic condition.
As this survey conducted physical measurement of generated waste at the households, a
list of available items is also prepared under such initiative. The survey outcome is
indicating that a few items are disposing as a part of solid waste from the houses. These are
as follows

Types of HH Waste

Seven different items of waste (viz. vegetables & food waste, wood & leaves, textile,
polythene & plastics, paper, glass & ceramic and metals) segregated during the study.
Vegetable/food waste was contributed the highest percentage (around 90%) whereas
wood and leaves was 5%, polythene and plastic was 2% and textile as well as glass and
ceramic was 2%, rest of the wastes was 1%.
From the analysis of the study it is
apparent that, household waste
generated in the study area is mostly
compostable. The figure shows that a
major portion (90%) of the total
wastes are vegetables/food waste
which is easily compostable, wood and
leaves (5%) together, which are
biodegradable. Only 5% of total wastes
(i.e. polythene and plastics, textile,
paper, glass & ceramics, and metals)
are non-compostable but recyclable.

Solid Waste Management Process (generation, collection, transportation
and disposal)

Approximately 56 MT solid wastes per day are
generated in Saidpur Municipality. Only formal
system of waste management by the
municipality was observed during the study.
The formal system is based on the
conventional system of collectiontransportation-disposal of waste carried out
by the sweepers. In this system the concept of
transfer stations, resource recovery,
minimization and recycling are absent. The
municipality has given some open bins and
constructed few dustbins in every wards
where the households disposed their daily waste directly. Sweepers collected wastes from
the bins, dustbins and picked up in the open truck and finally, disposed the waste to the

open disposal site. Due to lack of dumping place, sweepers are dumping collected wastes
roadside, open places and here and there.
In general, the survey outcome has ensured that about 54 percent of the household dump
their solid waste into open spaces behind
the house and roadside. They do not store
the waste generated in a day. They threw
it away when it is generated. Around 38%
of the total households store their waste
in a bucket/polybag followed by 8%
storing in a hole. At the end of the day
they dispose the generated waste into
different places such as, dustbin, drain
and open place behind the house.
Among the households that store waste in
a bucket and polybag, 40 percent practice
to dump the generated solid waste behind the house which is a very common and
conventional practice all over the country. These wastes are not further transfer to
anywhere rather gradually mix together with soil by polluting surrounding environment.
It is an indication of not having adequate knowledge about hygiene practice concept among
the citizens and also having the necessity to take
initiative from the municipality to introduce effective
awareness raising campaign along with efficient
mechanism process thus people would be encouraged
to deliver generated solid waste in systematic and
hygienic ways. Similar types of unhygienic practices of
dumping solid waste are like in canal (7%). in drain
(1%), etc.
On the other side, among the 34 percent of people have
some kind of practices which are considered as an
effective process to deliver solid waste in proper
manner. Around 9 percent of the households provide
the waste to municipal van in the morning. Around 25
percent of the citizens dump their generated solid
waste into the municipal dustbin.
Municipality has the mandate for removing all kinds of generated wastes from the town.
The conservancy department of the municipality has engaged some of the appointees for collecting generated solid wastes from different parts of the town. The municipality has five
tracks of different types and a tractor for collecting solid waste. In general, people gather their everyday waste in a bucket or bin and dispose into the nearby dustbins.
In different markets, the market/bazaar
committees have selected a particular
place under each of the market where
all the vendors dispose their everyday
generated solid wastes. Municipal
sweepers collect solid waste from these
secondary sources. The sweepers have
a routine map for collecting solid
wastes from different secondary points
and from different markets. Only five
trucks are their wastes transport
vehicles. With this support they collect wastes on a regular basis and transport to the
dumping places. The municipality has a final dumping place and all collected wastes are
dumped in a conventional ways. It means there are some other sweepers who stress waste
from one side to another for minimizing pileup situation. There is no management system
in the final dumping place for effective and systematic dispose all collected wastes. As
consequences, such practice has heavy negative impacts on environment and pollutes
surrounding areas. It has given an apparent indication of having necessity to introduce
appropriate technology for efficiently managing generated solid wastes.

Door to Door Solid Waste Collection System

Saidpur municipality is responsible for proper management of Solid waste but they are not
able to handle the increasing quantities of waste, which results uncollected waste on road
sides and public places. In this regard, Door-to-door solid waste collection system should
be introduced in each and every part in the town. Such system has extremely high level of
acceptance among the citizens. Around 99 percent of the respondents have expressed
positive impression regarding such type of waste collection process.

The citizens have expressed
reasons why they desire such
type of service like door-to-door
solid waste collection system in
their town. Environment will
remain clean if such solid waste
collection process is introduced
all over the city areas as
mentioned by the highest
proportion of 79 percent of the
respondents. Around 10 percent
of the respondents stated that
possibility of affected by various
types of diseases will be
reduced. Other mentionable
causes are like odor will not
spread (4%), surrounding
residential areas will be clean
(6%) and mosquitoes will not spread and so on.

Willingness to Pay for Better Service


Under faecal sludge management issue, a
massive proportion of the citizens have
shown positive impression on willingness
to pay for better service relating to the
issue. About solid waste management,
same issue was raised among the
respondents. Around two-third of the
people have expressed positive
impression about their willingness to pay
for better service on solid waste
management.
According to the survey outcome, people
are found willing to pay within the range
of BDT 100-500 at a time for receiving
better solid waste services. Most of the people are willing to pay BDT 100 as mentioned by
around 36 percent of the respondents. On the other side, 32 percent of them are interested

to pay BDT 200 at a time and 20 percent are ready to pay BDT 500 at a time. On an average,
people are found willing to pay BDT 248 at a time for receiving better service on solid
waste management.
After providing such amount, people are
found having a mindset to pay some
money on a monthly basis. Mostly, people
are found willing to pay BDT 25 per
month for receiving better service on
solid waste issue as mentioned by around
36 percent of the respondents. Around 17
percent of the respondents stated about
paying BDT 50 per month and BDT 30
mentioned by around 15 percent. On an
average people are found willing to pay
BDT 29 per month.
Therefore, one of the major findings is that people are very much willing to pay extra
money for receiving better solid waste services.
Overall situation is providing an extreme negative impression regarding solid waste
management issue. According to the survey outcome, solid waste collection through a
collection van under the supervision of the municipal authority is practicing in the town
but mainly in limited form. As a result, only around three percent of the people are getting
such type of services. The concern authorities especially the municipal authority should
have taken effective initiative for resolving such unhygienic and unacceptable practices of
the citizens. An effective solid waste management mechanism should be introduced by the
municipal authority with the support from other stakeholders including INGOs and the
private sector.

Hospital and Clinical Waste Generation


With an aim to estimate the total volume of clinical waste and to identify the current
practice to manage those waste by the hospitals, clinics, and diagnostic center. There are
total 20 health care units are providing health care facilities in Saidpur Municipality area.

A total of 5 health care units (hospital-1, clinic-1, and diagnostic center-3) were visited
during the study. Informal interviews were conducted with doctor, nurse, ward boy and
sweeper through a semi-structured questionnaire to gather information on clinical waste
storage and disposal practice. Different types of waste were identified i.e. hazardous, nonhazardous, infections, sharps etc. and weighted. Using the average volume of waste
generated by different health care units we have calculated the total volume of clinical
waste generation. It is estimated that, 131 Kg of clinical wastes are generated in Saidpur
municipality area in a day.

 Three-fourth of the people is involved with non-agricultural profession.
 33 percent land is non-agriculture type.
 Density of population is not less than 1500 in average in each sq. km.
 Population will not be less than 50 thousand

Organizational structure of a municipality class II (B). Source: The... | Download Scientific Diagram

Expectation from Municipality

Satisfaction Level on Municipality Services

Information of Vacutugs:

Present Constrains Analysis, Challenges and Recommendations
7.2.1 Faecal Sludge Management
In general, major constraints of the current solid wastes management practices in Saidpur
municipality are as follows:

  1. Lack of knowledge of operation and maintenance of pit and septic tank
  2. Lack of knowledge of standard design for installation of pit and septic tank
  3. Lack of knowledge and public awareness about emptying process, consequences on
    health and environment for exposed feces into surrounding areas
  4. Illegal pipeline connection of pits and septic tanks with the municipal drainage
    system, low laying areas, and water bodies like canals, rivers etc.
  5. Commonly follow manual process for emptying pit and septic tank and open
    dumping of collected faecal sludge on low laying areas and water bodies
  6. Lack of awareness about hygiene practices and negative consequences upon health
    and environment
  7. Inadequate emptying, collection and disposal services by the municipality
  8. Lack of knowledge about the Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) concept and
    approach among the municipal officials, other relevant department, stakeholders
    and the citizens
    7.2.2 Recommendation for Improving Faecal Sludge Management (FSM)
  9. Initiative should be taken to aware and encourage people on hygienic use of latrines
    and also persuade the citizens for the installation of improved sanitary latrines
    following standard design and maintaining BNBC.
  10. Encourage the people to pay extra service charge for effectively managing emptying,
    collection and disposal system
  11. Extensive training for sweeper community to aware them on necessity of safety and
    security measures during emptying and disposal faecal sludge.
  12. Development of innovative and appropriate approaches for the emptying, collection
    disposal of faecal sludge in safe and environmental friendly manner
  13. Strengthen the capacity of the municipality including adequate mechanical vehicle
    (Vacutug), manpower, and other support service.
  14. Advocacy initiative for increasing sanitation budget and arrange from external
    sources like donor agencies, INGOs etc.
  15. Allocation of specific places for safe disposal of faecal sludge.
  16. Massive knowledge and awareness building on Faecal Sludge Management (FSM)
  17. concept and approaches for the citizens, municipal authority, other government
  18. departments, stakeholders and so on.
  19. Take initiative for building fecal sludge management capability and arrangement of
  20. necessary logistics of the municipality
  1. Policy level advocacy for developing necessary laws for regular emptying of septic
    tanks or pit latrines and prevent dumping sludge beside road or into canal.
  2. Create opportunity to develop a business model for preparing organic fertilizer from
    human waste through composting in a treatment plant.
  3. Conducting research to identify possible ways for engaging the private sector on
    various parts of FSM approach; more particularly, on the issues of emptying,
    collection and disposal and also management aspects of the FS.

Municipal Solid Wastes
In general, major constraints of the current solid wastes management practices in Saidpur
municipality are as follows:

  1. Lack of primary collection of solid wastes system which would ensure door-to-door
    collection of wastes in exchange of providing additional but acceptable service
    charge
  2. Inadequate number of disposal places and dustbins.
  3. Common practices of dumping solid wastes into drains, low lands and openly on
    surrounding areas
  4. Lack of knowledge and public awareness about negative consequences of open
    dumping practices of solid wastes along with health and environmental impacts
  5. Inadequate manpower, equipment, and logistics support of the Paurashava
  6. Lack of financial support and internal budget provision

Recommendation for Improving SWM System

  1. Taking initiative for the establishment of a community based solid waste collection
    system
  2. Encourage the community on willingness to pay for the waste collection system and
    participate on the community based monitoring system through formation of CBOs
  3. Advocacy initiative with the municipal authority allocating more strategic places for
    the waste disposal points;
  4. Construction of adequate number of dustbins in every wards of the municipality.Ensure regular collection of solid wastes from roadside, dustbins etc. to remove
  5. continuous pileup situation and dump at the final disposal place;
  6. Massive public awareness campaign on Solid Waste Management
  7. Policy for prevent dumping solid waste on roadside and open places.
  8. Extensive training on solid waste system and disposal mechanism for the sweepers
  9. and other institutions;
  10. Further initiative on waste separate at source at the household level;
  11. Encourage the private sector to be involve with the waste collection system;
  12. Take initiative on technology transfer and encourage the private sector or the
  13. government for installation of waste recycling plant;
  14. Institutional strengthening of the conservancy sector on the municipality including
  15. manpower, equipment, vehicles and other support services;
  16. Conduct an extensive feasibility study on installation of SWM recycling plant and
  17. development on a Market Strategy;

Hospital/ Clinic/Medical Wastes Management


In general, major constraints of the current hospital/clinic/medical wastes management
practices in Saidpur municipality are as follows:

  1. Lack of knowledge about medical waste management
  2. Medical wastes are considered as general solid waste.
  3. Staffs of the medical do not take proper measure for safe disposal
  4. Infectious and sharp equipment is not being segregated.
  5. Lack of initiative taken by municipality for separate collection and dispose of
    medical waste.
  6. Lack of separate disposal place for medical waste

Recommendations for Hospital/clinical/medical waste management

  1. Massive knowledge development and awareness building training initiatives on
    hospital/clinic/medical waste management concept and approaches
  2. Encourage hospitals, clinics and diagnostic centers to place separate containers for
    safely shorting different types of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes in safety
    ways.
  3. The municipality should allocate specific place for recycling hospital wastes.

Recommendation Hiring for Consultant for Conducting waste Management in Saidpur Municipality, Nilphamari.

Purpose of the consultancy

Objective of the consultancy

The consultant should ensure the following activities are completed in close coordination
with Architecture Research and Development ltd.(Bangladesh) and Next Group (Japan) personnel. There should be regular
meetings/consultation between the two parties to discuss the issues before finalising any
aspects of the assignment.
o Familiarise Architecture Research and Development ltd.(Bangladesh) and Next Group (Japan) with programme and content
o Develop a plan to carry out the survey
o Furnish and finalise survey questionnaire
o Prepare checklist for FGD
o Prepare and organise field level consultations and interviews in consultation with
local partner SKS.
o Consult with the Saidpur Pourashava Mayor, relevant officers and staffs.
o Design the sampling process based on different categories of respondents (e.g.
households, colonies, markets, institutions and business unit)
o Submit a tabulation plan along with draft outlines for output reports.
o Mobilise enumerators and provide training
o Conduct the survey
o Process and analyse the data
o Ensure completeness and reliability of survey data

o Prepare draft report and organise a consultation/sharing meeting/workshop with
stakeholders
o Prepare final report after addressing the comments.

Expected Outputs: